Least Privilege Offers Protection from Malware, Spyware, and Other Threats
The principle of least privilege involves using controls and other mechanisms to limit the capabilities of a user account to only those specific things required for their work. This creates efficiency in a company or home office in many ways. First, it creates a more secure virtual environment that is less susceptible to outside threats from hackers, malware, and spyware. Second, the system is more stable because of the systematic development of specific user capabilities in a more controlled environment. Third, it makes the tasks that employees or users do have to complete easier and more efficient. When the capabilities of a computer are limited, then the tasks that must be handled deploy more quickly and effectively.
All of these added advantages to acting on the principle of least privilege provide a company or individual with another multifaceted layer of security against outside threats. To implement least privilege accounts into a system interface, it is important to plan effectively because all users will have to be granted certain rights and privileges based on what they need to accomplish on the system. Proper planning is essential to a smooth transition from using administrator accounts regularly to developing specific accounts with designated functions.
In addition to least privilege, another way to enhance security on an operating system is to apply Password Vault Software to the system. This will allow an individual or company to designate the length and composition of a password. It will also enable users to implement guidelines on what the password must contain and to put limits on the time a password can be used. This increases security for two reasons: it makes it harder for hackers or other people to guess or find a password and it makes employees more aware of password vulnerabilities.
Security can be achieved through a multifaceted approach layering different techniques and software throughout the system interface to achieve optimal results. Using the idea of least privilege to eliminate administrator rights on a computer can have a number of positive results. Studies have concluded that most dangers to a system occur when the administrator account is used. Since this account allows all privileges to the user, this account leaves the system extremely vulnerable to malicious threats from malware and spyware. The study found that all threats to Microsoft Office could be mitigated using the principle of least privilege to limit capabilities and user activities. Microsoft recommends that least privilege be used to eliminate admin rights for optimal computer security.